per 100 grams
Carbohydrates 0 g
Proteins 0 g
Fats 100 g
Water 0 g
Sugar 0 ug
Fiber 0 ug

Olive Oil

884 Calories per 100g

When people think of olive oil, many things come to mind; like cooking, health benefits, and perhaps just the Mediterranean diet in general. Olive oil is, in fact, a key component of the Mediterranean diet, but it’s much more than that. Olive oil has been around for thousands of years, and it’s full of vitamins, minerals, and other healthy components that have been studied and documented extensively. To get a better understanding of what olive oil is, let’s dive deeper into its history, production, benefits, types, and other information.


Olive oil is produced from pressed olives and has been around for thousands of years. Olives were first cultivated in the south-eastern part of the Mediterranean region at least 8,000 years ago, making olive oil one of the world’s oldest processed foods. Through the ages, olive oil has had multiple uses. As early as 3,000 BC, olive oil was being used as a base for medicines, cosmetics, food, and as part of religious ceremonies. Through its long history, olive oil has maintained its presence as a cornerstone of Mediterranean cuisine as well as health and beauty uses.


In terms of production, olives used to make olive oil still follow age-old production methods. This is why it is sometimes known as “cold-pressed” or “extra virgin” olive oil: because the olives are pressed gently to keep them as intact as possible in order to preserve their natural oils and flavour.

In terms of the actual process, olives are first harvested and then cleaned to get rid of dirt, leaves, twigs, and stones. Then the olives are placed in a mill (with the pits removed) and crushed with a large granite wheel to break down the fruit and separate the juice from the pulp. The extracted juice is then placed into a large centrifuge to extract the oil from the other liquid components.

Finally, the extracted olive oil is collected, bottled, and made available for sale. Depending on the olives used and how the oil is processed, the colour, flavour, and quality of the oil can vary significantly.


Olive oil is probably best known for its wide range of health benefits. It is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants like Vitamin E, which help improve blood lipid levels and reduce inflammation. These beneficial fats are believed to lower the risk of various chronic diseases, and regular consumption of olive oil can also help in maintaining a healthy weight.

It also contains some polyphenols, specifically oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. Other studies have shown that olive oil can reduce bad (LDL) cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.


Although all olive oils come from the same source, their taste, colour, and smell can vary depending on the variety of olives used and how the oil was processed. Generally speaking, there are three main types of Olive oil: Extra-virgin, Virgin, and Refined.

Extra-virgin olive oil, also known as EVOO, is the highest quality olive oil that has not been exposed to high heat or chemicals during processing. It is also produced in low volumes and has a unique taste, colour, and smell, as a result of the use of select olives and the absence of chemical treatments.

Virgin olive oil is made of olives that have been cold-pressed and produced in slightly higher volumes. It has a less superior taste and smell than EVOO and has not been exposed to the same level of scrutiny during production.

Finally, Refined olive oil is the lowest-grade olive oil and has been exposed to higher temperatures and chemicals during production. It may also contain small amounts of extra-virgin and virgin olive oil, but it has been processed in a way that removes most of its flavour, colour, and smell.


Olive oil has been around for thousands of years and continues to be a cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet, as well as a key ingredient in many cosmetics and medicines. Not only is olive oil packed with vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats, but it has also been studied extensively and shown to have numerous health benefits. In terms of types, EVOO is the highest quality while Refined olive oil is the lowest. Keep these points in mind next time you’re shopping for olive oil!