per 100 grams
Carbohydrates 0 g
Proteins 25.8 g
Fats 4.8 g
Water 68.4 g
Fiber 0 ug
Ash 1.5 grams

Chum Salmon

154 Calories per 100g

Chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) is a species of salmon found in the northern Pacific Ocean and rivers that flow into it. It is one of the five species of salmon that are used for commercial fishing, and is also highly valued for its roe, which are an extremely popular source of caviar. Chum salmon is known as keta or dog salmon in some parts of the world, and is sometimes called calico salmon due to its characteristic gray-green and pink coloring.

Chum salmon are usually small to medium sized. Adult females can reach up to 28 inches long and weigh up to 11 pounds while adult males can reach 16 inches and weigh up to 4.5 pounds. The fish also show characteristic bar marking on their back, as well as spots on their sides and belly that are said to be similar to those of a calico cat. Chum salmon can also range in color from silver to bright red or bronze.

The Chum salmon's lifespan is quite short and the average is only 3-5 years, a much shorter life cycle than other salmon species. They spawn in mid to late summer, usually in July and August, depending on their location. Generally, females are more dominant when it comes to migration and spawning. They will swim upstream and lay their eggs in gravel beds and then will move further upstream for the next spawning season.

Once eggs have been laid and have had a chance to hatch, the newly hatched fry will stay in the river for anywhere from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the seasonal water levels. They can often be seen migrating downstream, usually at night when they are most active.

Once the fry reach the ocean they will spend most of their time there and the average lifespan of a chum salmon is 3-5 years. The adult fish will feed mainly on small crustaceans, squid, and other small fish, while the young fry will feed on plankton and insects.

In terms of fishing, Chum salmon can often found in shallow waters near freshwater sources, where they may be caught using techniques such as trolling and cast netting. The fish can also be caught in the deeper ocean waters, where larger gear such as a rod, reel and deep jigging will be needed. Chum salmon can also be harvested with nets at the mouths of some of their spawning rivers and streams, although this is becoming rarer, as the fish become more widely fished.

Chum salmon is a popular fish species for both recreational and commercial anglers due to its strong, meaty flavor and its availability throughout the year. It is great for grilling and smoking and is often used in sushi and sashimi dishes. Chum salmon roe is highly sought after, featuring bright orange eggs, packing in a ton of flavor, and selling for a high price. The abundance of this species in the wild, along with its delicious taste, makes it a favorite of sustainable seafood advocates.

Despite its popularity, overfishing has led to a depletion in some of the region’s fisheries, resulting in more limited sources for the chum salmon population. In addition, habitat loss from logging, mining, and other activities has had a negative effect on these fish. To help save the species, many local conservation organizations have enacted various initiatives and regulations to protect the chum salmon's habitat and promote more sustainable fishing practices.

Overall, the Chum salmon is a unique and valuable part of the Pacific ocean and river ecosystems. With proper management, this species has great potential for being managed sustainably, allowing conservationists and anglers to enjoy its beauty and delicious flavor for many years to come.