per 100 grams
Carbohydrates 58.3 g
Proteins 12.1 g
Fats 4.6 g
Water 6.1 g
Ash 18.9 grams

Sisymbrium Seeds

318 Calories per 100g

A sisymbrium seed is an edible seed from the Sisymbrium plant family. The plant family, which lies within the mustard family, includes several varieties of both annual and perennial plants with edible seeds. Sisymbrium seeds can be both harvested for consumption or for their medicinal purposes.

Sisymbrium plants have small, yellow and white flowers that are arranged in a cross-like manner and produce a small, triangular fruit. When the fruits dry, they expose the seed, which is the edible part of the plant. The scientific name of sisymbrium plants is Sisymbrium irio. There are many varieties of Sisymbrium, such as Greek sisymbrium, London rocket, Indian hedgenettle and garden hedge mustard, each with its own unique characteristics and growing requirements.

Sisymbrium seeds are rich in vitamins and minerals, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, iron and vitamins A, B, C, D and E. They also contain various antioxidants, carotenoids and polyphenols. In terms of nutrition, sisymbrium seeds are considered a great source of fiber and essential fatty acids.

Sisymbrium seeds are commonly used as a food staple throughout Europe and Asia, as well as in other areas of the world. They can be eaten raw or cooked and are often used as an ingredient in various dishes. In many parts of India, sisymbrium seeds are toasted and then added to curries and lentils. In Turkey, they are incorporated into a variety of dishes made with bulgar or mashed potatoes. In Iran, they are boiled and then served with fried onions and garlic as a vegan side dish.

In addition to being consumed as a food, sisymbrium seeds have been used in traditional medicine for centuries. In India, the seeds are brewed into a tea to help improve digestion and reduce inflammation. In Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, sisymbrium tea is recommended to help reduce coughing, treat diarrhea and increase digestive fire. In various parts of Europe, it is believed that sisymbrium can help with gastric ulcers and reduce intestinal worms.

The seeds of sisymbrium are also used to make a natural dye. They contain anthocyanins, which are capable of producing a variety of colors, such as purple, red, blue and brown when mixed with a base such as vinegar or an alcohol. This dye has been used to color fabrics, food and cosmetics.

When it comes to cultivating sisymbrium plants, they require full sun and well-draining soil. They can tolerate a wide variety of temperatures, but are sensitive to frost during the flowering period. Sisymbrium can also be propagated from cuttings, which should be planted in the autumn before the winter frosts arrive.

Sisymbrium seeds are a nutritious, versatile and under-utilized food with great potential for the future. With its abundance of health benefits and ability to be used for a variety of purposes, sisymbrium is a fantastic addition to any diet or garden. Whether you're looking for a nutritious snack, natural dye or medicinal remedy, sisymbrium has something to offer.