per 100 grams
Carbohydrates 0 g
Proteins 24.8 g
Fats 1 g
Water 73.4 g
Fiber 0 ug
Ash 1.5 grams


115 Calories per 100g

What is a Burbot?

A burbot (Lota lota) is a freshwater fish that is sometimes referred to as a freshwater ling or eellike cod. It is the only living species in the entire genus Lota and the family Lotidae. Native to northern Eurasia, North America, and Greenland, this elusive and mysterious creature exists in lakes and rivers, as well as estuaries all over the world. It has a wide range of physical adaptations that make it well-suited to the cold waters it inhabits.

Physical Characteristics

The burbot is generally a brownish-green in color and can grow from 18-45 inches in length and weigh up to 22 pounds. Its backside is a darker hue than its chest, often fading from a pale green to brown. Its dorsal fin is low and its tail is almost triangular with a rounded tip. Its head is white and is often marked with an olive green line that circles its eyes. The most distinctive feature of the burbot is its prominent jawline and chin barbels, which are two whisker-like appendages that protrude forward.


The burbot is a solitary creature and prefers to live in deep, cold waters near the bottoms of rivers, lakes, and estuaries. Commonly found in depths greater than 150 feet, they can withstand temperatures as low as 26 °F. These fish can often be seen waiting on the bottom of the body of water they inhabit, or silently lurking in the shadows.


Burbot are shy and reactive fish that prefer quiet, undisturbed waters and will most often avoid open space. They only become active in the hours before and after sunset, relying heavily on the cover of darkness to move about, search for food, and mate. When it comes to feeding, burbotg are patient predators who prefer to hide near the bottom of a body of water and wait for potential prey items to pass within reach. They have evolved to become experts of camouflage for both protection and feeding purposes by blending in with the light colored substrate of their environment.


Burbot primarily feed on insect larvae, fish eggs, worms, crustaceans, and process smaller fish. They also exhibit scavenging behaviors and readily consume dead animals, either over the course of the night or early morning.


When it comes to reproduction, burbot are not very selective when it comes to their mating partners. Mating occurs during the winter, typically in January or February, with the female dropping her eggs in shallow waters and then moving on. How many eggs are produced during spawn varies depending on the size of the female, however one of the larger females can produce up to 100,000 eggs. The eggs take approximately 2 weeks to hatch and juveniles remain at shallow depths until they are around 4 inches long and ready to move to deeper waters.


In recent years, the burbot population has declined due to fishing pressure and the introduction of invasive species into their habitat. Poaching and illegal netting has put further stress on their population, and their numbers have been reduced by half in some areas. Due to its slow growth rate, this species can take years to reach full maturity and reproduce, making it particularly vulnerable to these types of threats.

Despite their plight, conservation efforts are being made to preserve this species. In the United States, the burbot is considered a species of special concern and is protected in Minnesota, Washington, Utah and other regions. The Fish and Wildlife Service has also listed the burbot as a species of Concern in Canada and recognized it as a Game fish in Manitoba.

Overall, the burbot is an intriguing and sometimes misunderstood creature that deserves our respect and attention. With its small eyes, whisker-like appendages and muted colors, it blends in seamlessly with its aquatic environment, allowing it to remain hidden from those lucky enough to catch sight of it. With subtlety and adaptation, this unique fish has been a part of our waterways for years and will continue to remain a part of its ecology for many more to come.